The Different Types of Lawyers: A Complete Guide


According to the American Bar Associations, there are more than 1,338,000 licensed, active attorneys in the United States.

While the cultural image of lawyers typically portrays them arguing cases in a courtroom, there are countless different types of lawyers, many of whom hardly ever stand in front of a judge.

Are you interested in the kinds of lawyers because you’re thinking of becoming one yourself? Or is it because you’re facing legal issues? Either way, it can be a good idea to become familiar with the different types of law and types of lawyers.

Let’s take a look at some of the most types of lawyers and the law that they practice.

Civil Litigation

“Civil litigator” is a general term that refers to lawyers who represent their clients in civil rather than criminal court. Some of the most common types of civil litigation include property disputes, class-action lawsuits, contract disputes, or complaints filed against a body of government.

Real Estate

Real estate lawyers deal with things like mortgages, purchase agreements, transfer documents, and title documents. They can represent landlords, tenants, individual buyers and sellers, and developers.

Criminal Law

Criminal attorneys are lawyers that represent organizations and individuals in state and federal courts against government charges. A few of the most common criminal activities that require a criminal attorney include assault, sexual battery, and homicide.

Personal Injury

A personal injury attorney helps individuals who have been injured as a result of another person’s or company’s negligence. Some of the most common types of personal injury claims in the US are slip and fall accidents and car accidents.

Medical Malpractice

Some personal injury lawyers specialize in medical malpractice suits. This is when a medical professional has caused you harm through negligence, inaccurate treatment, misdiagnosis, or other reasons.

Insurance Law

Insurance law encompasses everything that has to do with insurance contracts. Insurance companies will hire insurance defense attorneys. Individuals can hire insurance lawyers to help them deal with any legal issues that have arisen from their relationship with their insurance company.

Pandit Law is an insurance law practice that only deals with property damage claims. You can discover more here.

Employment Law

When there are legal issues related to the workplace both employees and employers will typically hire employment attorneys. Look for the best employment lawyer New York City with good reviews and proof that they have helped other people with the same concerns as yours. Business owners are individuals with power so you have to make sure that you are with the right lawyer. A few of the common kinds of cases an employment lawyer might handle include workplace discrimination, retaliation, workplace harassment, and wrongful termination.

Worker’s Compensation

This type of lawyer deals in both personal injury law and employment law. This is the kind of lawyer you would seek out if you were injured while working on a job.

Family Law

If you are dealing with legal issues that are related to a family situation, a family practice attorney is the type of lawyer to seek out. This might be for a divorce, and adoption, or a prenuptial agreement. This is a personal matter that needs to be dealt with by trusted professionals. Find trustworthy lawyers from reputable firms like Capital Family Law Group that prioritizes in resolving family issues with sound expertise.


Immigration lawyers deal with any and all legal issues that are related to immigration. They help both employers who are looking to hire immigrants and immigrants themselves.

Estate Planning

An estate planning attorney is a lawyer who can help you with thoughtful estate planning, advanced medical directives, and drafting a well. This can also include aspects of tax law for people who are wealthy.

Intellectual Property

When there are legal issues that arise from copyrights, patents, trademarks, trade secrets, and this type of business, intellectual property attorneys are the type of lawyer to look for. They help inventors, artists, and companies who are facing legal issues in this realm.

Corporate Law

Corporate attorneys deal with compliance issues, governance, and business entity formation for corporations. They also give advice related to acquisitions, financing, divestitures, securities laws, and mergers along with reviewing contracts.

Tax Law

A tax attorney can help you if you are being sued by a local tax agency, a state tax agency, or the Internal Revenue Service. They can also help you if you owe taxes or to help deal with tax fraud, future tax planning, failure to file tax returns, and tax evasion.


Bankruptcy lawyers can help individuals and companies either receive a repayment plan or a discharge for their debts. Individuals might file for bankruptcy due to foreclosure, credit card debt, medical debt, or other reasons.

Contract Law

Contract lawyers are a type of lawyer that can be consulted for a wide array of contract related issues. This might mean that there are issues with a contract you’ve already signed, you’re looking for advice about signing a particular contract, or another issue that arises from contracts.

Social Security Disability Lawyer

It can be incredibly difficult to navigate the Social Security Disability system. For this reason, Social Security Disability lawyers exist in order to help people with any step in the process.

General Practice Lawyer

Many types of lawyers specialize in one particular area of the law. However, the practice of general practice lawyers handles many different types of legal issues.

When hiring a lawyer, you’ll always want to ask if they have experience in dealing with the particular legal issues that you are confronted with. This way, you can ensure that you are hiring a lawyer that will be able to create the best possible outcome for you.

The Different Types of Lawyers: Finding a Lawyer That Specializes in the Right Area of Law Is Essential

When you are looking for a lawyer, you don’t want to hire the first person you find in the Yellow Pages. Instead, it can help to understand the different kinds of lawyers so that you are hiring the most experienced attorney for your needs.

Did you find this article on the different types of lawyers interesting? If so, be sure to check out the rest of our blog for more fascinating and informative content!

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